Young Iraqi innovator building home-made drones
Baghdad - Haidar Husseini is determined to turn his hobby of making remote-controlled drones that can be used for agricultural, military and information purposes into a fully fledged official business. In a small workshop in his home in Karbala in central Iraq, he has produced at least 400 drones.
“It is a hobby that I have been practising since childhood. At first I used to make miniature planes inspired by the cartoons I watched on TV and from the few scientific magazines I could find in bookshops and libraries,” said Husseini, 27.
“At a later stage, I started buying second-hand electronic games, which I disassembled to extract certain parts, such as engines and batteries, which I used in the creation of a miniature drone specimen that I was able to fly.”
Husseini’s quest for more knowledge to develop his hobby prompted him to learn English.
“Learning English helped me a lot as I was constantly reading research papers posted on the internet and following lessons on how to manufacture drones on YouTube,” he said.
Husseini created a Facebook page on which he wrote: “This page aims at linking all the hobbyists in Karbala together as well as providing training and sharing knowledge.”
Through his Facebook page, Husseini set up an 11-person team called RC Karbala. The team includes a 16-year-old who won the gold medal in the competition for young innovators organised by the Arab League in 2015 for designing a drone that could be used in the pollination of date palms.
Husseini and his team aspire to set up a licensed workshop to produce drones, a matter fraught with difficulties due to security reasons. “Drones are considered to be a kind of weapon by security forces that have occasionally confiscated some of our planes,” he said.
Some of team’s drones have been equipped with high-definition and infrared cameras used for aerial filming at night.
“We find difficulties in procuring raw material and essential parts, namely engines, remote-control devices, cameras and batteries, which we try to get from neighbouring countries such as Iran and Kuwait or order online on Amazon through friends established in Europe and the United States,” Husseini said.
The group’s reputation has grown and it has been hired to film religious feasts and cultural festivals in Karbala and other areas. The operation features a production part offering filming services to produce documentaries.
“Many satellite televisions seek our services for aerial footage but the work is challenging and fraught with risks because of the volatile security situation in the country,” Husseini said.
He said he was arrested and interrogated three years ago after a technical error caused one of his drones to crash near a school. “Security agencies always try to obstruct our work, although our drones can help maintain security if they are used in a conventional way,” he said.
Hazem Khalidi, the head of Youth and Sports Committee in Karbala Provincial Council, acknowledged that security challenges in addition to financial restrictions have been hindering innovative young people from practising and developing their talents.
“The lack of budget allocations for the Ministry of Youth and Sports deprived innovative youth of the support they need to develop their skills and inventions,” Khalidi said. “We are very well aware of security issues in the country and we could reach an agreement with the authorities allowing the youth to practise the hobby of manufacturing and flying remote-controlled drones within certain limits to prevent being exploited by unruly parties.”
He said the provincial council would soon launch a new initiative called the Innovator Gate, which is aimed at developing young people’s talents. Under the initiative, innovators will be invited to show their creations to council members and local investors, who would sponsor or support inventions and ideas they deem feasible.
Husseini said he welcomed the council’s initiative as an encouraging step for fulfilling the ambitions of Iraqi innovators.