Women-led mosque opens doors to both sexes in California
Berkeley - The second mosque in the United States led solely by women recently had its inaugural service in California but, unlike a Los Angeles congregation that opened two years ago, the new female-led Muslim house of worship in Berkeley is open to both sexes.
The Qal’bu Maryam Women’s Mosque “is a place for women to worship in the sanctuary, to not be hidden away in dark rooms,” said Rabi’a Keeble, founder of the Berkeley mosque, whose name means “Heart of Mary” in Arabic.
Many mosques admit both men and women but most segregate them by sex. At the Women’s Mosque of America in Los Angeles, male worshippers over the age of 12 are excluded, making the new Berkeley mosque the first of its kind in the United States.
“We uplift the female and, just as the Prophet loved women, we must follow in his footsteps and love ourselves and each other,” she said.
Keeble is a 40-something convert from Christianity with a master’s degree in religious leadership from the Starr King School of Ministry, a seminary affiliated with the University of California, Berkeley, which donated space for the mosque.
At Qal’bu Maryam, there is no imam, as the cleric who conducts worship at a mosque is called. Rather, female lay leaders will rotate in leading prayers and talks.
About 50 women and men, including Muslims, Christians and Jews, attended the traditional Friday service on April 14, listening to prayer leader Crystal Keshawarz chant “Allahu Akbar” — “God is great.”
Some Islamic scholars say the Prophet Mohammad gave permission to women to lead any kind of prayer; others say that he meant to restrict women to leading prayer at home. Still, many traditionalists do not believe a man should hear a woman’s voice in prayer.
“Men are conditioned to believe that women’s voices are seducing and if they hear [a woman’s] voice they are pushed into an adulteress area,” Keeble said. “Men should think better of themselves. They are not animals.”
Mohammad Sarodi, former chairman of the Muslim Community Association in Santa Clara, California, said he would not attend prayers led by women.
“If women are leading prayers for women, fine, but if they are leading prayers for men, then that is not something I have been raised with,” said Sarodi, 70. “I have never heard from the scholars that this is acceptable.
“Women are certainly not inferior but this is not how it’s done.”
Though Islam is not the only religion with a tradition of male leadership, its religious tradition is described by many non-Muslims, and even some within the faith, as restrictive towards women.
“It’s simply time” for change, Keeble said, both to bring more women into the faith and to alter perceptions of those who say Islam is oppressive to females.
“I think this is the only way that reputation can be addressed — by empowering women,” Keeble said.