Violence flares up in Sudan’s Darfur, 40 killed

Sudan’s top security body, the defence council, late Monday declared a state of emergency in West Darfur state and deployed troops to the region.
Tuesday 06/04/2021
Sudanese Janjaweed militia chief Musa Hilal (C) sits with supporters during celebrations for his release in the Maamoura suburb of the capital Khartoum, on March 11, 2021. (AFP)
Sudanese Janjaweed militia chief Musa Hilal (C) sits with supporters during celebrations for his release in the Maamoura suburb of the capital Khartoum, on March 11, 2021. (AFP)

KHARTOUM -  At least 40 people have been killed and 58 injured in three days of clashes in Sudan’s West Darfur state, the United Nations said Monday.

After clashes at the weekend, residents of El Geneina, capital of West Darfur and close to the border with Chad, said gunfire erupted in the city at dawn on Monday, with shells exploding in the suburbs.

Plumes of smoke rose high into the sky as people fled the violence, witnesses reported.

“Since April 3, 40 people have been killed,” the UN humanitarian coordination office OCHA said in a statement.

Sudan’s top security body, the defence council, late Monday declared a state of emergency in West Darfur state and deployed troops to the region.

After clashes on the weekend, residents in El Geneina, the state capital of West Darfur which is  close to the border with Chad, said gunfire erupted in the city at dawn on Monday, with shells exploding in the suburbs.

Plumes of smoke rose high into the sky as people fled the violence, witnesses reported.

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“The committee recorded 18 fatalities and 54 wounded, who are receiving medical care at El Geneina Teaching Hospital,” the West Darfur Doctors’ Committee said in a statement, citing clashes on both Saturday and Sunday.

The committee, part of a nationwide independent body formed in 2016 representing the medical community, said an ambulance carrying wounded victims was attacked.

Hospitals are still receiving victims, it added.

“On Monday, we woke up to the sound of gunfire,” Abdelrahman Ahmed, an eyewitness, told AFP. “Clashes are still ongoing and have spread to the western suburbs”.

It is unclear what sparked the latest violence.

– Land and water –

The vast Darfur region was ravaged by a civil war that erupted in 2003, leaving around 300,000 people dead and 2.5 million displaced, according to the United Nations.

The conflict has subsided over the years and the latest in a string of peace deals was agreed in October.

But clashes continue to  erupt, often over land and access to water.

Eyewitnesses said fighting still raged on Monday afternoon, as thick smoke billowed over the town.

“We stayed in our homes, but we’ve been hearing gunfire close by. A shell landed at our neighbour’s home a short while ago,” said Adam Issa, another resident.

After years of conflict, the region is awash with automatic weapons.

Clashes often pit nomadic Arab pastoralists against settled farmers from non-Arab ethnic groups.

“I live in the eastern part of the city and I am seeing a cloud of smoke covering the western, southern and southwestern districts,” said Saleh Issa, another El Geneina inhabitant.

“Some residents from these neighbourhoods have fled towards our area. Most of are women and children,” he added.

Sudan is in the midst of a rocky transitional period following the toppling of long-time president Omar Bashir in April 2019 off the back of mass protests against his rule.

The transitional government has pushed to build peace with rebel groups in Sudan’s main conflict zones, including Darfur.

On December 31 last year, the UN and African Union ended a 13-year peacekeeping mission in Darfur, even as residents feared further violence.

More than 200 people were killed in clashes in January, in some of the worst bloodshed the region had witnessed in years.