Unemployment and extremism top concerns of Arab youth
Tunis- Widespread unemployment and extremism are perceived to be the greatest obstacles to progress in the Middle East, a recently released report has shown.
In the survey, which looked at attitudes among 18- to 24-year-olds from 16 countries across the Middle East and North Africa, unemployment and extremism were perceived to be greater threats to progress than what had typically been considered pan-Arab issues, such as the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and a lack of regional cohesion. Respondents from Iraq, Algeria, Bahrain, the Palestinian territories and Lebanon all reported concerns over unemployment ahead of other issues.
The survey was conducted between February 7 and March 7 by Dubai-based ASDA’A Burson- Marsteller and was the ninth such study in the series. Approximately 3,500 young people, split equally between the sexes, were interviewed face-to-face in 16 countries. The countries were then grouped into three areas — the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), North Africa and the Levant and Yemen.
Among other surprises, the results highlighted a potential shift from regional to individual concerns, with queries charting respondents’ relationship with government indicating an overwhelming sense that the needs of youth were overlooked by policymakers.
Regional schisms were also present, with 80% of respondents from the GCC reporting feeling confident their educations had equipped them for the modern workplace, compared to one-third of respondents from North Africa, the Levant and Yemen who were satisfied their education prepared them for jobs of the future.
However, the most dramatic divide lay in young people’s attitudes towards the future, with only the six GCC countries reporting a clear majority of respondents who said they thought their best days were in front of them, ahead of North Africa, the Levant and Yemen.
Also recorded was the increased sense of hostility towards the United States and, specifically, to Donald Trump’s administration with the new president scoring the lowest popularity rating of the three presidents elected since 2000, including George W. Bush.
Some of the other conclusions drawn by the survey takers included: The UAE being the country where most young Arabs would like to live or at least have their country emulate; the Islamic State has grown weaker over the last year; anti-American views have increased, with Russia now being seen as the region’s principal international ally.
Despite taking pride in the Arabic language, most young adults who participated in the survey said they were increasingly using English in their daily lives. Most respondents said Facebook was their principal source of daily news.