UN envoy pushes Syria regime as fragile peace talks \'go deeper\'

Friday 29/01/2016
Many challenges are facing fragile talks

GENEVA - The UN envoy for Syria sought Tuesday to press President Bashar al-Assad's regime to ease the suffering of ordinary Syrians to enable fragile peace talks in Switzerland to "go deeper".

Staffan de Mistura declared Monday that indirect negotiations between Assad's government and the main opposition umbrella group to seek an end to Syria's brutal civil war, had finally begun in Geneva.

But the High Negotiations Committee (HNC), the main opposition umbrella group, remains skeptical, insisting that the regime to allow humanitarian access to besieged towns, stop the bombardment of civilians and release prisoners.

In an apparent gesture of goodwill, Syria's government on Monday agreed "in principle" to allow aid into three besieged towns, the UN said. One of them is Madaya where 46 people have died of starvation since December.

While welcoming the "positive messages" from de Mistura, the HNC said Tuesday it was awaiting the outcome of his talks with Syrian government envoy Bashar al-Jaafari.

"The regime will without doubt make some small signs," HNC spokesman Munzer Makhous said, saying the Madaya announcement was "designed to distract the international community's attention."

After his first official meeting with the HNC on Monday, De Mistura said it had a "very strong point" with its demands, saying the Syrian people "deserve to hear and see facts on the ground".

"When I meet the Syrian people they tell me: Don't just have a conference, have also something that we can see and touch while you are meeting in Geneva," he told reporters.

De Mistura was on Tuesday meeting with a 20-strong government delegation ahead of afternoon talks with the HNC "to go deeper into the issues".

The Swedish-Italian diplomat said he expected the talks to be "complicated and difficult" but hoped they would "achieve something" by February 11 when key global players are to meet over the talks.

Since the conflict began in March 2011, more than 260,000 people have died and more than half of Syria's population have fled their homes, with the conflict dragging in a range of international players, from Turkey, Iran and the Gulf states to Western nations and Russia.

The chaos has also fuelled the rise of the Islamic State (ISIS) extremist group which has overrun swathes of Syria and Iran and staged a raft of deadly attacks across the globe, including those in Paris in November.

US Secretary of State John Kerry was in Rome on Tuesday meeting foreign ministers from the US-led coalition against ISIS to discuss efforts to combat the group which claimed responsibility for Sunday's attacks at a revered Shiite shrine near Damascus that killed more than 70 people.

In November, world powers agreed in Vienna on an ambitious roadmap that foresees the six months of intra-Syrian talks leading to a new constitution and free elections within 18 months.

But they did not address the thorny issue of the future Assad, whose forces since late September have made progress on the ground thanks to Moscow's military involvement.

On Tuesday, Syrian state news agency SANA and monitors said government troops backed by militants had taken key villages north of Aleppo, close to two other villages long under rebel siege.

Whether the government's response to de Mistura will be positive remains to be seen.

In particular, Damascus, which is backed by Moscow and Tehran, is objecting to the inclusion in the HNC of rebels whom it denounces as "terrorists".

One of these is Mohammed Alloush, head of the powerful Army of Islam armed rebel group who arrived in Geneva late Monday to act as the HNC's chief negotiator.

Speaking in Abu Dhabi, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said that if members of any such groups "take part in negotiations... (they) will do so in a personal capacity," Interfax reported.

Outside powers were also in Geneva keeping a close eye on the proceedings, with Jaafari reportedly meeting with the Russian ambassador and Western envoys in contact with the opposition.

Anne Patterson, US assistant secretary for Near Eastern Affairs met with Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Gennady Gatilov in Geneva on Monday, a US official said, saying she had urged Moscow to "use its influence with the Assad regime to push for full humanitarian access to all Syrians in need".