UN chief demands Western Sahara mission be fully restored

Sunday 17/04/2016

This is where irresponsible statements may lead

UNITED NATIONS - UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is urging the Security Council to press Morocco to restore the UN mission's role in the disputed territory of Western Sahara.

Ban warned in a report that staff cuts ordered by Rabat will weaken the MINURSO mission and "can be expected to be exploited by terrorist and radical elements."

"I call on the Security Council to restore and support the mandated role of MINURSO," said the report sent to the council on Monday.

"The risk of a rupture of the ceasefire and resumption of hostilities, with its attendant danger of escalation into full-scale war, will grow significantly in the event that MINURSO is forced to depart or finds itself unable to execute the mandate that the Security Council has set," he said.

Morocco expelled 83 civilian staffers of MINURSO a month ago and shut down a military liaison office, severely crippling operations in what was once a 500-strong mission.

The move was in response to a visit by Ban to the region during which he used the term "occupation" to refer to the status of Western Sahara, a term fiercely rejected by Rabat.

Ban's appeal to the Security Council put pressure on France, Senegal and Spain which have been in close contact with Morocco over the fate of MINURSO.

While the council has called for the mission to continue its work, it has been divided on the way forward.

Council members are to vote on April 28 on whether to renew mandate of the mission, which was established in 1991 after a ceasefire ended a war that broke out when Morocco sent troops to the former Spanish territory in 1975.

In his report, Ban said the mission should stay on for a further 12 months, until April 2017.

The UN chief warned that downsizing MINURSO will have "significant implications for the stability of the region as well as the credibility of the Security Council and United Nations peacekeeping" worldwide.

Diplomats have raised concerns that concessions to Rabat will embolden other governments unhappy with a UN presence to take action.

Morocco maintains that Western Sahara, which it forcibly annexed in 1976, is an integral part of its kingdom despite a UN resolution that tasks MINURSO with organizing a referendum on the future of the territory.

Sahrawis have long campaigned for the right to self-determination and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is a full member of the African Union.

Ban also requested that the council approve the deployment of 14 additional military medical personnel to a new MINURSO outpost in response to the cuts in personnel that have affected drivers and communications.