Spain mulls including Ceuta, Melilla in Europe’s Schengen area

“Spain tries to Europeanise the crisis in order to derail attention away from the deep causes” of the dispute, Moroccan foreign minister Nasser Bourita told a news conference in Rabat following talks with Hungarian foreign minister Peter Szijjarto.
Tuesday 15/06/2021
a file picture shows Spanish army soldiers patrolling the border between Spain and Morocco along the Ceuta border fence. (DPA)
a file picture shows Spanish army soldiers patrolling the border between Spain and Morocco along the Ceuta border fence. (DPA)

MADRID – Spanish Foreign Minister Arancha Gonzalez Laya said on Tuesday her government is considering including Ceuta and Melilla, Spain’s enclaves in North Africa, fully in Europe’s passport-free Schengen area.

Currently, Moroccans from the towns surrounding the enclaves can enter without a visa, but need one to travel by sea or air on to continental Spain or other Schengen member countries.

The move comes amid a row between Spain and Morocco over issues linked to Western Sahara, a region  over which Morocco claims sovereignty.

Gonzalez Laya declined to comment on the row, saying her ministry is working “under discretion.”

Earlier last week, Morocco accused Spain of trying to turn the political crisis between the two countries into an EU problem by focusing on migration and ignoring the root causes.

The row blew up in April after Spain admitted the leader of the Western Sahara separatist movement, Brahim Ghali, for medical treatment without informing Rabat, which regards the disputed territory as its own.

Morocco then appeared to relax border controls with Spain’s North African enclave of Ceuta on May 17, leading to an influx of at least 8,000 migrants.

Since then Spain and Morocco have traded accusations of unneighbourly behaviour, with Spain saying Morocco used the migrants while Rabat says Spain acted in connivance with “adversaries” of its territorial integrity.

“Spain tries to Europeanise the crisis in order to derail attention away from the deep causes” of the dispute, Moroccan foreign minister Nasser Bourita told a news conference in Rabat following talks with Hungarian foreign minister Peter Szijjarto.

Spain “cannot fight separatism at home and encourage it in its neighbour,” he said, referring to independence movements in Catalonia and other Spanish regions.

Morocco’s ties with the EU were good, Bourita added.

Ghali’s Algeria-backed Polisario Front is fighting for the control of Western Sahara, a territory once held by Spain and largely under Moroccan control since the 1970s.

Spain’s Foreign Minister Arancha Gonzalez Laya arrives for a meeting of EU foreign ministers in Lisbon, May 27, 2021. (AP)
Spain’s Foreign Minister Arancha Gonzalez Laya arrives for a meeting of EU foreign ministers in Lisbon, May 27, 2021. (AP)

The United Nations brokered a ceasefire in 1991, with Morocco controlling about four-fifths of the territory. The truce included the promise of a referendum on its status, but that has not taken place due to disagreements over how it should be carried out and who would be allowed to vote.

At the height of the migrant influx into Ceuta, the European Union expressed solidarity with Spain, saying that the enclave’s border was a European border. Repeated waves of migrants crossing from Africa into Europe have been a prime concern for the bloc for several years.

Ghali left Spain for Algeria on June 3 after spending more than a month in hospital. He departed after appearing remotely in a hearing with Spanish high court on a war crimes case. The judges allowed him to leave the country.