Palestinians should put more focus on their case internationally
If it is to make progress towards realising its people’s legitimate right to self-determination in their homeland, the Palestinian leadership needs to take stock and weigh its options.
The Palestinians should be under no illusion that the so-called deal of the century US President Donald Trump’s advisers are working on will be made in Tel Aviv, not Washington or Ramallah. It will be a deal of the century designed to strengthen Israel’s hold on the land from the river to the sea. It will not be based on respect or adherence to international law and will not deliver an independent Palestinian state based on the 1967 borders with East Jerusalem as its capital, the minimum the Palestinians would accept as a resolution to the conflict.
It will certainly not include a return of Palestinian refugees to their homes. This will make a deal impossible to accept. The repercussions would be disastrous for the Palestinians as they will once again be blamed for the failure.
It would be disastrous for the Palestinian leadership to wait for the above scenario to materialise. It must set its own agenda and make rapid progress on it.
The Palestinians have no option but to escalate their efforts to internationalise their case and to pursue measures that would bring some form of accountability on Israel through peaceful means. This they can do with a more united leadership as the reconciliation between Fatah and Hamas evolves. Yes, the road ahead is rocky but promising.
The United States has effectively closed the door on accountability through the UN Security Council, where, if needed, it will always wield the veto. In the UN General Assembly, where the United States does not enjoy the right to veto resolutions, the Palestinians can initiate them and win but they will remain unenforceable. The Palestinians are enjoying greater success in the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC), where the United States does not hold a veto. Significantly, the council is about to publish a database containing the names of companies complicit in Israel’s occupation. This has raised strong condemnation from both Israel and the United States.
The United States may decide to leave the UNHRC as an expression of anger at what it sees as obsessive criticism of Israel as it has done with UNESCO. This may dissuade other international bodies and conventions from accepting the state of Palestine as a member, knowing that it will use this primarily to bring accountability on Israel for violations that come under the scope of the organisation in question. The Palestinian Liberation Organisation’s response should be to join more international bodies and conventions and use these to pressure Israel back to the negotiating table or face greater accountability.
For example, it should work for Israel’s suspension from football’s world governing body, FIFA, for operating football teams in the illegal settlements.
The Palestinian Liberation Organisation should vigorously pursue Israel through the International Criminal Court (ICC), which it joined in 2014. A focus on the illegal settlements is the clearest case to bring. Other countries regard the settlements as illegal as does international law. Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu recently promised never to dismantle a settlement and to expand the illegal enterprise.
While the Palestinians and the ICC would come under enormous pressure not to act, surely it is an action the Palestinians must pursue with vigour.
The Palestinians should be under no illusion that the consequences of escalating this battle would be costly for them. They will need strong support from Arab allies who should insist on Israel agreeing fully to the 2002 Arab peace initiative as a start. The initiative spells out clearly what Israel needs to do for it to reap the huge benefits normalisation of relations with the Arab and Muslim world would bring.
The Palestinians should insist that a return to talks should be based on international law and well-known UN resolutions on the conflict. The Palestinians have options. More of the same is not one of them.