Kuwait mediation fails to defuse GCC dispute over Qatar stands
London- Efforts by Qatar to defuse conflicts with fellow Gulf Arab countries through Kuwaiti mediation failed to materialise and media in the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia continued to run critical coverage of Doha and its ties to Iran, the Muslim Brotherhood and other radical groups.
The crisis stems from statements attributed to Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani criticising US foreign policy and praising Iran carried on the official Qatari News Agency (QNA) less than a week after the Arab Islamic American summit, leading to outrage in the rest of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).
“Iran represents a regional and Islamic power that cannot be ignored and it is unwise to face up to it,” Sheikh Tamim was quoted as saying during a military graduation ceremony in Doha.
Although Doha claimed the QNA site had been hacked, analysts noted the emir’s reported statements were in line with Qatar’s foreign policy.
Kuwait hosted Sheikh Tamim on May 21 in an attempt to resolve issues between Riyadh and Abu Dhabi. However, a report in Al-Riyadh newspaper, which is known to reflect the official Saudi stance, gave signs that the trip was a failure and that members of the Qatari royal family were preparing for a coup due to the media campaign targeting Saudi Arabia.
The newspaper’s front page carried a report that discussed “five coups in 46 years” in Qatar and predicted that the “next coup” would take place in the near future.
Observers said the brevity of Sheikh Tamim’s trip and Saudi newspaper comments were indications that talks in Kuwait did not achieve much. The Saudi leadership is said to have been unyielding especially that Saudi King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud viewed the pledge signed by Sheikh Tamim with the late Saudi King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, in the presence of the emir of Kuwait, to resolve the 2014 dispute, as still binding.
Escalating matters was a cartoon carried on the Al Jazeera network website that depicted King Salman, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and US President Trump in an unflattering light. This outraged many Saudis, leading to calls for the closure of the border with Qatar.
The latest dispute sheds doubt on the efforts by the Trump administration to shape a regional unified front against terrorism, despite the show of unity during the Arab Islamic American summit, which was Donald Trump’s first official international trip as US president.
While Doha denies funding extremist groups, Western counterterrorism officials have stated that Qatar finances such groups as al- Nusra Front in Syria, Hamas in Gaza and the Muslim Brotherhood movement, which is banned in most of the GCC.
A White House aide told the Weekly Standard that the major achievement in the memorandum of understanding signed between the United States and the GCC in countering terrorism during Trump’s visit was getting Qatar on board.
The unidentified aide said: Qatar “is often the most recalcitrant on issues relating to terrorism financing. Qatar’s former Emir Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani was notoriously negligent in cracking down on domestic financiers of al-Qaeda in Syria. In particular Hamas, the Palestinian terrorist organisation, has received financial support as well as safe haven from Qatar for years. Hamas frequently holds meetings and conferences in the Qatari capital of Doha, including one [in May].”