King Mohammed VI rejects any option for Western Sahara outside Moroccan sovereignty
Casablanca- Moroccan King Mohammed VI has rejected any peace deal that allows for the independence of Western Sahara without Morocco having sovereignty.
“No settlement of the Sahara affair is possible outside the framework of the full sovereignty of Morocco over its Sahara and the autonomy initiative, whose seriousness and credibility the international community has recognised,” King Mohammed VI said in a televised speech November 6 to commemorate the 42nd anniversary of the Green March.
Jordan Paul, executive director of the Moroccan American Centre for Policy, said the autonomy initiative provides the basis for the only viable solution.
“As former Special Envoy Peter van Walsum said in his report… an independent Western Sahara was not a realistic proposition. The only way to resolve this conflict is through realistic, pragmatic and compromise-based solutions like the Moroccan autonomy initiative,” said Paul.
Rabat proposed autonomy under Moroccan sovereignty for the 266,000 sq.km territory. The proposal was rejected by the Polisario Front, an Algeria-based separatist movement that insists on the right of the Sahrawi people to determine their own future in a UN-monitored referendum.
Algeria and Morocco have been at loggerheads for decades over Western Sahara. Algeria denies involvement in the issue, although its leaders are suspected of playing a role in it.
The United States and France expressed support for Morocco’s “credible” autonomy plan for the territory.
“I think under the [UN Security Council] presidency of the United States in April… there were the first signs of significant Security Council commitment in a number of years on a number of different fronts,” Paul said.
“First, a vigorous commitment to not just kick the can down the road but a real emphasis on results within this year. A strong commitment in the text to a fifth round of negotiations, which would be based only on a discussion of some form of autonomy under Moroccan sovereignty, and stronger language on conducting a census of the actual number of people living in the Polisario-run refugee camps near Tindouf, Algeria,” he added.
The Polisario Front criticised King Mohammed VI’s speech.
“The king’s speech renounces Morocco’s commitments,” Polisario official Mohamed Salem Ould Salek was quoted as saying by the Algerian news agency APS.
King Mohammed VI linked his late grandfather’s speech almost 60 years ago with the “Moroccanness” of the Western Sahara, sending a strong message to neighbouring Algeria about the kingdom’s territorial integrity.
“Today, we are proudly celebrating the 42nd anniversary of the Green March and, in a few weeks, we will be commemorating the 60th anniversary of the speech delivered at M’hamid al-Ghizlane by His Majesty King Mohammed V — may he rest in peace,” said the king.
“The historic speech at M’hamid al-Ghizlane is highly significant for several reasons. Not only does it represent a milestone in the completion of our territorial integrity but it also confirmed a basic fact which no one can deny, namely the Moroccanness of the Sahara and the Moroccan people’s unwavering commitment to their land immediately after Morocco’s independence.”
King Mohammed VI stressed that Morocco’s claim of the disputed territory happened before it was tabled at the United Nations in 1963 at a time when no other claims had been put forward regarding its liberation and before Algeria had its independence.
“It is a systematic linking of Mohammed V’s claim to independence and the reclaim of Sahara lands before the independence of Algeria, which is challenging Morocco’s legitimacy and territorial integrity 18 years before the birth of the separatist front,” analyst Ahmed Noureddine told news website Hespress.
Mustapha Sehimi, a professor of law and political science at the Faculty of Law in Rabat, said the national question of the Sahara was again solicited during King Mohammed VI’s speech.
“It is a proclamation that has all its meaning, one year after the kingdom’s independence, a strong act when the Sahara issue was not on any UN agenda, that no extra- Moroccan claim had been put forward and that Algeria was still under colonisation,” said Sehimi.
Diplomatic ties between Morocco and Algeria hit a low after Algerian Foreign Minister Abdelkader Messahel last month accused the kingdom’s banks of “laundering hashish money” in Africa. Rabat slammed Messahel’s comments, saying that they displayed a “level of irresponsibility unprecedented in the history of bilateral relations.”
The spat between the two neighbouring countries is hampering the Arab Maghreb Union’s economic progress. In February, King Mohammed VI warned that the union would crumble if its incapacity to live up to the ambitions of the 1989 agreement continued.
“The region and all the countries in it, including Algeria, would benefit economically from resolving this conflict,” Paul said. “It would allow the region to move past this artificial dispute and allow the countries of the Maghreb to reinvigorate their economic union, open the Algerian borders and allow for more trade and more prosperity across North Africa.”