Jordan receives advanced anti-terror training from United States

Jordan has upgraded its fight against militants and criminals, in large part with US backing.
Wednesday 21/03/2018
A 3-year-old German shepherd trained in the United States sniffs for explosives in a drill at the K-9 compound of the Jordanian police in Amman, on March 19. (AP)
A 3-year-old German shepherd trained in the United States sniffs for explosives in a drill at the K-9 compound of the Jordanian police in Amman, on March 19. (AP)

AMMAN - A German shepherd sniffed suitcases in an airport inspection drill, excitedly pausing near one bag from which a handler pulled a satchel containing plastic explosives.

The exercise at the compound of the Jordanian police canine unit, staged for visitors, is part of the US State Department’s expanding Anti-Terrorism Assistance (ATA) programme.

The programme allocated $300 million this year to train and equip domestic security forces in partner countries, so far 21 out of a pool of 56. The aim is to improve the safety of US diplomats and citizens abroad and to support US allies.

In Jordan, a key US ally in a tumultuous region, this includes training more explosives-sniffing dogs for airport duty, focusing on the departure gates of US bound flights and setting up cyber-security training for local law enforcement agencies.

In recent years, Jordan has upgraded its fight against militants and criminals, in large part with US backing, setting up a national emergency call centre, a network of street surveillance cameras and databases for DNA, ballistics and fingerprints.

A Jordanian dispatcher monitors street surveillance cameras at Jordan’s 911 emergency call centre in Amman on March 20. (AP)
Jordanian call-takers and dispatchers are seen at Jordan’s 911 emergency call centre in Amman on March 20. (AP)
A Jordanian dispatcher takes down information from a caller at Jordan’s 911 emergency call centre in Amman, on March 20. (AP)
Brig. Rami al-Dabbas, the head of Jordan’s Command and Control Centre, explains the operations of the national 911 emergency call centre, which receives thousands of calls a day, in Amman, on March 20 (AP)
A handler from the K-9 unit of Jordan’s police directs an explosives sniffing German shepherd during a drill in which C-4 explosives were hidden in a suitcase meant to simulate airport luggage checks, in Amman,  on March 19. (AP)
A technician examines a bullet fragment taken from the scene of a shooting in a drill staged at Jordan’s Forensic Science Laboratory, in Amman, on March 19. (AP)
Jordanian crime scene technicians dust for fingerprints as part of a drill held at the nation’s Forensic Science Laboratory, in Amman, on March 19. (AP)
Palestinian security forces participate in a training drill on how to retake a police station that has come under attack, at the Jordan International Police Training Centre, in the Jordanian town of al-Muwaqqar, about 55km south-east of Amman, on March 18. (AP)
A SWAT team from Iraq’s Anbar province watches US instructors staging a training drill on how to respond to a bomb threat and how to detonate the device at the Jordan International Police Training Centre, in the Jordanian town of al-Muwaqqar, about 55km south-east of Amman, on March 18. (AP)
A mock bomb is detonated during a training drill on how to respond to a bomb threat and how to detonate the device at the Jordan International Police Training Centre, in the Jordanian town of al-Muwaqqar, about 55km south-east of Amman, on March 18. (AP)

Paul Davies, the ATA programme director, said training has paid off.

“I know that the teams we’ve trained, whether it’s a canine team or a crisis response team for the Public Security Directorate… have all discovered and disrupted terrorist plots, weapons and explosives that may have been attempted to be smuggled over the border,” he said in Amman.

Jordan’s importance to Washington was apparent in February when the kingdom was promised $1.275 billion a year in US economic and military aid through 2022, an increase of 27%, even though US President Donald Trump had threatened to punish countries that don’t agree with US policy in the Middle East. In December, Jordan voted at the United Nations to condemn the United States’ announcement recognising Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

Davies said decisions on foreign aid were made elsewhere in the State Department but that, in his eight months on the job, he has seen an increase in counterterrorism funding.

Jordan faces domestic and external threats from extremists, even though once-powerful Islamic State (ISIS) militants have largely been defeated in neighbouring Syria and Iraq.

Jordan’s economic woes, including high unemployment, have created fertile ground for militant recruiting. The government has arrested large numbers of suspected militant sympathisers but critics say this fails to address underlying causes of lack of economic opportunity and a closed political system.

The Associated Press was given rare access to Jordanian law enforcement centres, such as the forensics lab and the call centre. Retired US law enforcement officers mentoring Jordanian counterparts said the local facilities are largely on par with those in the United States.

The call centre is housed in a massive castle-like building on the outskirts of Amman.

In a large hall, phones rang non-stop as call-takers responded to complaints and emergencies. There is an average of 30,000 calls every day.

One man said a car was blocking an exit at an Amman hospital. He gave the licence plate number and the dispatcher sent a patrol car. One line is set aside for calls by foreign embassies, which are given priority, said Brigadier-Engineer Rami al-Dabbas, the director of the centre.

Live footage from street surveillance cameras streamed on screens mounted on a back wall.

Dabbas said 720 cameras currently cover part of Amman and key locations elsewhere, including tourism sites, but that he needs another 3,000 to cover the entire capital. Eventually, close to 11,000 cameras are to be installed in the kingdom, he said, adding that lack of funding is holding up such plans.

In one room, dispatchers randomly checked car licence plates shown on security cameras against a database of wanted vehicles. Fifteen drones will be used for surveillance, including of illegal hunters, with six already in operation, Dabbas said.

Security analyst Amer Sabaileh said he didn’t expect public pushback to mounting surveillance. Crime is on the rise and most Jordanians feel security trumps privacy, he said.

Dabbas said his centre was one of the most advanced in the region, though several other countries, including the United Arab Emirates, have developed sophisticated street surveillance.

In the UAE, surveillance footage helped authorities identify the woman who stabbed an American school teacher to death at an Abu Dhabi mall in 2014. It also aided Dubai police in identifying members of what it described as an Israeli hit squad that killed an operative with the Palestinian militant Hamas group in 2010.

Jordan’s crime lab, meanwhile, is expanding its databases. It has about 1.5 million sets of fingerprints, or of almost one-fourth of Jordan’s citizens, along with 150,000 DNA samples of criminal suspects and thousands of ballistics samples that help solve dozens of cold cases each month.

Lieutenant-Colonel Mohammed al-Dajeh, head of training in the criminal investigations department of Jordan’s police, said he has seen an overlap between criminal and terrorist networks. Terrorists looking for funding often engage in crime, and some of the militants have a criminal past, he said.

At the canine unit on the outskirts of Amman, German shepherds demonstrated their detection skills. The dogs sniffed out explosives hidden in the fuel tank of a car, under a fake rock along a sidewalk and in a suitcase.

In coming months, five more teams will be trained for special airport duty, sniffing laptops and mobile phones of passengers about to board direct flights from Jordan to New York, Chicago and Detroit, said Lieutenant-Colonel Ali al-Khaldi of the canine unit.

The dogs won’t touch the electronics directly, in deference to local cultural and religious sensitivities, he said, adding that police would seek a religious ruling from a top Muslim cleric on how to deal with police dogs.

Airports in Egypt and Morocco will also get more sniffer dogs.

(The Associated Press)