Israeli-Palestinian divide widens 50 years after Six Day War

Sunday 04/06/2017

Jerusalem - Israelis and Palestinians mark 50 years since the Six Day War as the gap between them further widens, with both sides deeply scarred by years of violence, failed negotiations and broken promises.

The 1967 conflict that greatly em­powered Israel but began its con­tinuing occupation of Palestinian land is seen from starkly different viewpoints.

For Israelis, the war meant the culmination of the Jewish people’s 2,000-year quest to return to Jeru­salem. Palestinians see the theft of their land and a gradual effort by hard-line Israelis to extend their country from the Jordan River to the Mediterranean, leaving no room for a Palestinian state.

A significant number of Israelis, including members of Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu’s government, openly agree that they want to end the idea of Palestinian statehood. Some argue that Pales­tinians who want to live in a Jewish state could be allowed but others should move elsewhere.

“We want to try and maybe give them compensation,” said Michael Lafair, a 43-year-old Israeli lawyer who, along with his children, was in Jerusalem for events marking Is­rael’s victory in 1967.

Steps away at the Damascus Gate entrance to Jerusalem’s Old City, captured by Israel from Jordan in 1967, there was pride but little hope among Palestinians.

“We tell them we are staying here,” Mohammed Castiro, 51, said at the coffee stand his family has run since 1965. “This is our land and we don’t leave it.”

The divisions and signs of conflict are easily found, from the disputes over holy sites in Jerusalem to the Is­raeli separation wall lining the West Bank, not to mention the blockade of the war-weary Gaza Strip.

At the same time, Israel has turned itself into the Middle East’s premier military power and the self-pro­claimed “start-up nation,” its high-tech industry gaining global influ­ence — a remarkable achievement following the country’s 1948 found­ing in the wake of the Holocaust.

There are, however, warnings Is­rael could find itself on a suicide mis­sion, risking an apartheid state if it heeds calls from the right to abandon the two-state solution and annex most of the West Bank.

Still, for the international com­munity, an independent Palestinian state alongside Israel remains the only viable option.

“We don’t know if the two-state solution is dead or not but it is cer­tainly getting harder to achieve with each passing year,” said Dan Shapiro, US ambassador to Israel under US President Barack Obama and a senior fellow at Tel Aviv’s Institute for Na­tional Security Studies.

“There may even be a tipping point and the thing about tipping points is you sometimes don’t know you’re past them until you’re well past it.”

The 1967 war was a triumph for Israel, which defeated Egypt, Jordan and Syria in fighting that lasted from June 5-10. In doing so, it captured East Jerusalem, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, the Sinai Peninsula and the Golan Heights.

Israel would later sign historic peace agreements with Egypt and Jordan but its conflict with the Pal­estinians who populated East Jeru­salem, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip would worsen.

A first intifada erupted in 1987 and lasted until 1993. It was followed by the Oslo Accords and a handshake between Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat and Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, leading to the peace process and enormous hope.

But Rabin was assassinated by a Jewish extremist in 1995 and anoth­er, far more violent, intifada broke out in 2000.

Netanyahu’s current government is considered the most right-wing in Israel’s history and the influence of the country’s pro-peace camp has se­verely waned.

On the Palestinian side, President Mahmoud Abbas is 82 and unpopu­lar. Abbas’s rival Hamas has sought to soften its image but remains firm in its position that it will not recog­nise Israel.

Peace efforts have gone nowhere since a US-led initiative collapsed in April 2014.

Aliza Lavie, an Israeli parliament member from the centrist Yesh Atid party, said she supports a two-state solution but her country must be re­alistic.

It must not sacrifice its security, said the 52-year-old who calls the disputed city of Jerusalem “our capi­tal, our heart.”

“We should come back to the table and find a solution,” she said, “but we have to do it with understanding that we need to protect ourselves.”

Hanan Ashrawi, a senior Palestine Liberation Organisation member born in the West Bank city of Nablus, was studying in Beirut in 1967 and returned home six years later “face to face with the occupation.”

She called the war the start of “the most painful chapter of my life.”

“This is not something abstract or 3,000 years ago,” the 70-year-old said, “and to see that not only was a state created on your own land, but now, not only is it expanding, but it is also holding you captive. It is also depriving you of your most basic rights.”

(Agence France-Presse)