Foreign militaries widen footprint in Middle East
London- Russia and the United States are expanding their foothold in the Middle East by increasing the number of their military bases and upgrading existing facilities in the region.
Russian President Vladimir Putin has ratified a deal with the Syrian government that allows Russia to keep its Hmeimim Airbase in Syria’s Latakia province for 49 years, with the option of extending the arrangement for another 25 years.
The agreement is part of Russian military measures to support Syrian President Bashar Assad against rebels opposing his rule and it allows Moscow to have a presence in Syria until the year 2066 — long after 51-year-old Assad’s tenure is expected to have ended.
Although Russia has been a long-time ally of the Syrian regime, its military presence has become more visible in recent weeks. Russia marked its annual Navy Day with military parades July 30 that, for the first time, extended to Syria. Russia displayed its naval hardware at its base in Syria’s coastal city of Tartus and its submarines in Syrian waters.
In the central Syrian city of Homs, Russian military police set up checkpoints to monitor a ceasefire between the Syrian regime and opposition forces.
Russian fatalities have reportedly increased in the past months. Reuters estimated that at least 40 Russian servicemen and private contractors have been killed while fighting in Syria in 2017.
“That tally over seven months exceeds the 36 Russian armed personnel and contractors estimated by Reuters to have been killed in Syria over the previous 15 months, indicating a significant rise in the rate of battlefield losses as the country’s involvement deepens,” said a Reuters report.
The US government is asking Congress for permission to build new, albeit temporary, facilities in Iraq and Syria to be used in the fight against the Islamic State (ISIS).
“As the campaign to defeat ISIS transitions beyond the liberation of Mosul and Raqqa, operational commanders will need the requested authority to build temporary intermediate staging facilities, ammunition supply points and tactical assembly areas that have adequate force protection,” read a policy statement released by the White House.
“These facilities, supply points, and assembly areas will enable the pursuit of ISIS into the Euphrates River Valley and help improve the security of Iraq’s borders.”
There are more than 5,000 US troops in Iraq and the United States and the Iraqi government are discussing the possibility of a long-term US military presence.
Regional power Iran stated last November that Tehran is considering setting up naval bases in Syria and Yemen and recent reports suggested that Assad has given the Iranians permission to install them. US officials said that Iran has a drone base in Syria.