Egypt’s Nation’s Future Party seeks to build on youth vote
When parliamentary elections took place in late 2015, the Nation’s Future Party was less than a year old. Despite its newness, it won almost half of the 120 seats at stake among Egypt’s more than 100 political parties.
The little-known party, founded by young Egyptians, suddenly found itself in the political limelight. Established politicians were shocked by the group’s ability to chart its own course in Egypt’s murky political waters, something that the Nation’s Future Party continues to seek to do by reaching out to the public in an unprecedented way.
“We have a new approach to most of the problems of our country, one coined by the party’s members and leaders,” said Nation’s Future Party leader Ashraf Rashad. “We dream of bringing our country back to its past glories, depending on our totally fresh outlook.”
The Nation’s Future Party seeks to transform Egypt into a regional mass production centre to capitalise on the country’s huge workforce.
The party also wants Egypt to break its reliance on imported goods by boosting domestic manufacturing to ensure a better trade balance. In 2016, Egypt exported $22.5 billion worth of goods but imported $57.7 billion worth.
“These two moves will ensure that we will build our national economy by dependence on our local capacities,” Rashad said. “We need to depend on ourselves, not on others, in rebuilding our country.”
It is this message of self-reliance and autonomy that is winning over young Egyptians, who suffer from debilitating unemployment rates.
The young Egyptians have been at the centre of the political transformations that have taken place in Egypt in the last seven years. Despite playing a leading role in the ouster of longstanding President Hosni Mubarak in 2011, many young Egyptians said they felt short-changed in the post-revolutionary period and chose to disengage.
This is a mood that Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi is seeking to reverse, although critics said the government’s attempts at mobilising Egypt’s youth, including government projects and initiatives such as the Youth Conference, have seen little success.
These are efforts, however, that the Nation’s Future Party has played a leading role in. Ties between the Nation’s Future Party leadership and Cairo are strong and party founder Mohamed Badran was known to be close to Sisi.
“The Nation’s Future Party was manna from heaven for the government, which was incapable of convincing youth to be part of political life,” said Egyptian political analyst Abdel Monem Halawa. “We are talking here about a huge disgruntled segment of society that needed to be organised into any political form before it feels left out, which could have adverse ramifications.”
The Nation’s Future Party is considered a last resort by some of Egypt’s youth. More than 90% of the party’s 250,000 members, including its leaders, are under the age of 35. Rashad, the party head, is just 27.
“We have a policy in the party that all leaders must be less than 30,” Rashad, who was elected leader in September, said. “I think this is a success factor. Youth overlooked by other parties feel there is finally a party in which they can have their place.”
At a time when many Egyptians, and Egyptian politicians, appear apprehensive about the future, Rashad and his colleagues are dreaming big. There are even plans to secure a parliamentary majority and form a government.
However, to do this, they need to boost the way the party is viewed, particularly among Egyptians who may not be ready to give a new party like the Nation’s Future a chance.
The party has offices in all of Egypt’s 27 provinces. Its members have launched social care and medical programmes to boost the party’s image. They also offer Egyptians training courses in topics ranging from political education to information technology.
The Nation’s Future Party’s 53 MPs make it the second-largest party in Egypt’s parliament and its members are considered diligent legislators.
However, some political observers say, despite its improbable rise, it is too early for the Nation’s Future to be dreaming of parliamentary majority and rule.
“The party is a real model of a political entity that rose out of obscurity to reach political fame,” said Akram Badr Eddin, a political science professor at Cairo University, “but for it to rule, it needs to be present among the public, even more.”
Rashad said that was precisely what he intended to do. “We are not on the political stage for the sake of it,” he says. “We want to have a say in creating the future of our country and we cannot do this without being in a decision-making position.”