Despite Biden’s statement, not the right time for Turkey to pick a fight
ISTANBUL - US President Joe Biden’s declaration that massacres of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire constituted genocide is “simply outrageous” and Turkey will respond at the “appropriate” time, Turkey’s presidential spokesman said on Sunday.
Biden broke on Saturday with decades of carefully calibrated White House comments over the 1915 killings, delighting Armenia and its diaspora but further straining ties between Washington and Ankara, both members of the NATO military alliance.
“There will be a reaction of different forms and kinds and degrees in coming days and months,” Ibrahim Kalin, president Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s spokesman and adviser, told Reuters.
Kalin did not specify whether Ankara would restrict US access to the Incirlik air base in southern Turkey, which has been used to support the international coalition fighting Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, among measures it may take.
After other Turkish officials swiftly condemned Biden’s statement on Saturday, Erdogan would address the issue after a cabinet meeting on Monday, Kalin said. “At a time and place that we consider to be appropriate, we will continue to respond to this very unfortunate, unfair statement,” he said.
Turkey accepts that many Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire were killed in clashes with Ottoman forces in World War One, but denies the killings were systematically orchestrated and constitute genocide.
Trying to put the best face on the major setback in relations with Washington, Erdogan offered his condolences to Patriarch Sahak Maşalyan of Turkey’s Armenian community for Armenians who lost their lives during the “difficult conditions” of World War I.
“I commemorate with respect the Ottoman Armenians who have lost their lives in the difficult conditions of World War I, and I extend my condolences to their grandchildren,” the president said in a statement.
He added that Turkish and Armenian populations have been living in unity in Anatolia for centuries, adding that Ankara also wants good neighbourly relations with Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
“We are all members of the human family,” continued Erdogan, “regardless of our ethnic origins, religious convictions, language and colour. We have lived together, peacefully, in these lands for centuries. We find peace in the shadow of our crimson flag with the crescent and star. What keeps us together is neither interests nor calculations. What keeps us together is our genuine commitment to the same country, the same values, and the same great ideals. Being equal, free and honourable citizens of the Republic of Turkey is a source of pride for all of us”.
Not many options
For decades, measures recognising the Armenian genocide stalled in the US Congress and most US presidents have refrained from calling it that, held back by concerns about straining relations with Turkey.
Now that Washington has crossed the Rubicon, Ankara does not have many options shprt of provoking a major deterioration in its relations with the US and its standing with the Atnlatic alliance.
Bilateral relations are already troubled. Washington has already imposed sanctions on Turkey over its purchase of Russian air defences, while Ankara has been angered that the United States has armed Kurdish YPG fighters in Syria and not extradited a US-based cleric Turkey accuses of orchestrating a 2016 coup attempt.
Navigating those disputes will now be even harder, Kalin said. “Everything that we conduct with the United States will be under the spell of this very unfortunate statement,” he said.
Kalin said Turkey’s parliament is expected to make a statement this week. Analysts say lawmakers may hit back rhetorically against Biden by classifying the treatment of Native Americans by European settlers as genocide.
As well as limiting access to Incirlik, Turkey also has options to reduce military coordination with the United States in northern Syria and Iraq or scale down diplomatic efforts to support Afghan peace talks, said Ozgur Unluhisarcikli, director of the German Marshall Fund research group in Ankara.
In reality, though, Erdogan’s options are limited as he is already battling one of the highest rates of daily COVID-19 cases globally and has seen the lira currency fall close to all-time lows against the dollar last week.
“This is a difficult period for Turkey and it’s not a time when Turkey wants to pick a fight with anyone, let alone the United States,” Unluhisarcikli said.
Ankara knows it is vulnerable on a number of issues, including those related to the authoritarian drift of President Erdogan, its human rights record, its crackdown on the Kurds and its divisive policies in Libya and in the East Mediterranean.
Kalin said US officials had told Turkey the declaration would not provide any legal basis for potential reparation claims.
Nevertheless, Erdogan told the US president when they spoke by phone on Friday, their first conversation since Biden took office three months ago, that it would be a “colossal mistake” to go ahead with his statement.
“To reduce all that to one word and try to implicate that Turks were involved, our Ottoman ancestors were involved in genocidal acts, is simply outrageous,” Kalin said.
“It’s not supported by historical fact”.