In cultural crackdown, Turkey bans Kurdish-language play
ISTANBUL - Turkish authorities have banned a Kurdish-language play that was due to open Tuesday in Istanbul’s municipal theatre for the first time in its 106-year history.
“Beru,” a Kurdish adaptation of Dario Fo’s “Trumpets and Raspberries,” was included in the October programme of the Istanbul Municipality City Theatre to much fanfare.
The city theatre is under the authority of the secular opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP) city government.
Fo’s work as a playwright and satirist was honoured in 1997 with the Nobel Literature Prize. But authorities said the play had been banned because of “public order” concerns and disseminating propaganda for the banned Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), designated as a “terrorist group” by Ankara.
The satire involves a politician rescued from kidnapping whose face is mistakenly reconstructed in a hospital in the likeness of the man who saved him.
Performed by Teatra Jiyana Nu (New Life Theatre), it had been due to open in the Gaziosmanpasa neighbourhood but news of the ban arrived only a few hours before curtain-up.
“We were all on stage for rehearsal and ready for the audience but instead handed a statement from the local administration that we are banned,” actress Ruges Kirici said.
“We cannot perform at the moment,” she said.
– Legal action-
The theatre group protested the ban online with the Turkish Twitter hashtag #KurtTiyatrosuEngellenemez (“Kurdish theatre cannot be prevented”).
Istanbul governor Ali Yerlikaya said “Beru” was banned not because it was a Kurdish-language play but because it “contained PKK propaganda,” in a message on Twitter.
“A theatre play spreading the PKK terror organisation’s propaganda will be allowed neither in Kurdish, Turkish nor in Arabic,” Interior Ministry spokesman Ismail Catakli wrote on Twitter, dismissing the criticism as “another lie, another provocation.”
He said legal action had been taken against those who had given it the green light.
The city theatre — whose history goes back to the Ottoman Empire, the predecessor of modern Turkey — had decided to take on some work from independent theatres that are struggling during the coronavirus pandemic.
But it has come under fire since then, with some pro-government media accusing the opposition municipality of allowing a play by a theatre group linked to outlawed Kurdish militants.
– Crackdown –
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s ruling Justice and Development Party (PKK) government took steps to improve Kurds’ cultural and linguistic rights as part of an initiative announced in 2009 when he was prime minister.
But after the collapse of a fragile truce in 2015, violence resumed in the Kurdish-majority south-east between Turkish security forces and Kurdish militants from the outlawed PKK. The government has since launched a crackdown on Kurdish media organisations and culture centres.
It was widened after Turkey’s failed 2016 coup, with the government removing many elected mayors of Kurdish-run municipalities from the Peoples’ Democratic Party (HDP) on terror-related charges and replacing them with “trustees.”
The HDP took to Twitter to condemn the ban on a Kurdish-language play in Istanbul “where five million Kurds live,” denouncing a “fascist mentality.”
The troupe had already performed the play in several festivals at home and abroad, but Tuesday was going to mark the first performance in an official Turkish venue.
Actress Kirici also denounced the decision.
“The play by Dario Fo was performed in many languages all over the world,” she said. “Why is it dangerous when it is in Kurdish? Why does it threaten public safety?”
Actor Omer Sahin compared the decision to past pressure by the governments in the 1990s, when tensions between the PKK and the army were at their peak.
“We are no longer in the 1990s but the decision today has sent us back to the atmosphere and mindset of that era,” he said.