Canada is training Jordanian forces to secure border with Syria
OTTAWA - Canadian military teams have provided the Jordanian Armed Forces with equipment and training programmes as part of a partnership that marks a closer relationship between the two countries and a greater Canadian engagement in the Middle East security and stabilisation efforts.
Canada concluded its train-and-equip programme in early January in Jordan with training on air-strike coordination and the delivery of military equipment to the Jordanian Armed Forces’ Quick Reaction Force. Canadian Forces Captain Vincent Bouchard told the Ottawa Citizen’s blog Defence Watch that future training situations have been requested by Jordan but “are still in the planning stages.”
In February 2016, the liberal government in Ottawa announced a new approach to its involvement in the Middle East. The Middle East Engagement Strategy included the cessation of Canada’s bombing operations over Iraq and Syria, which changed the nature of its anti-ISIS contribution to military training and advising.
It also incorporated a 3-year investment of $1.6 billion to enhance regional security and stabilisation, provide humanitarian assistance and increase diplomatic engagement in the Levant.
Building off this commitment, Canada signed a memorandum of understating with Jordan in May 2016 to increase security cooperation between the two countries and enable Canada’s Stabilisation and Reconstruction Task Force (START) and the Counter-Terrorism Capacity Building Programme to operate in Jordan and provide necessary assistance.
“Canada’s support to Jordan is yet another demonstration of our commitment to global security and stability in the Middle East,” said Byrne Furlong, press secretary to Canadian Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan.
Furlong said Canada’s military presence in the Middle East was intended to help ensure the long-term stability of its regional partners. The exact number of Canadian troops in Jordan — who arrived in late August 2016 — could not be disclosed “due to operational security.”
Jordan, a key Middle Eastern ally to the United States, has been relatively successful in weathering the conflict of the violence-torn region. However, conflicts across the borders have still had an effect.
Terrorist attacks targeting security forces and civilians have struck Jordan in the past few years, primarily n northern Jordan, along its borders with Syria and Iraq.
In his most recent visit to Canada last August, Jordanian King Abdullah II referenced Canada’s support for Jordan’s border security during a news conference with Prime Minister Justin Trudeau. In December, during a visit to Jordan, Sajjan announced that Canada would support the kingdom in building a road along its northern border with Syria to enhance Jordanian forces’ capabilities to respond to security threats.
Furlong said Canadian forces were supporting the Jordanian Army Engineer Corps in building defensive structures along a dedicated section of the Syria-Jordan border. “This specific section is one of the busiest areas in terms of cross-border activity and the highest priority for augmenting security for [Jordanian forces],” she added.
“These defensive stores will assist Jordan in strengthening its border security and will help to address the spread of crime, terrorism and extremism within the region.”
Amman has foiled several plots by al-Qaeda affiliates and the Islamic State (ISIS) in the last two years. In November 2017, Jordanian forces stopped plans to attack military institutions, media stations and religious figures, Jordanian intelligence services said.
With ISIS nearly collapsing in Syria and Iraq, it is shifting its tactics in ways that could leave Jordan vulnerable. The group is expected to decentralise its operations and adopt insurgency tactics, which could threaten well-secured regions.
Although challenged by internal and external factors, Jordan plays a critical role in the anti-ISIS coalition and serves as an ally to Western powers, particularly Canada.
“Jordan… is in many ways the success story for Canada in the region,” Thomas Juneau, a professor of public and international affairs at the University of Ottawa specialising in Canada-Middle East relations, wrote in a recent paper.
“Canada has a strong defence, diplomatic, security, development and humanitarian presence in the country,” wrote Juneau. “This allows Canada to have an impact and, most importantly, is in line with its interests,” signifying that any instability to Jordan’s security seriously concerns Canada, the United States and their allies.