Abaya fashion show illustrates Saudi cultural transformation

“The stigma around the abaya and the hijab around the world — I wanted to change that,” said Saudi Princess Safia Hussein Guerras, a former model who designed the collection in collaboration with Belgian designer Christophe Beaufays.
Sunday 31/01/2021
Saudi models display latest collection of abayas (Arabic female dresses) by Saudi Princess Safia Hussain, during a fashion show in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, January 23, 2021. (Reuters)
Saudi models display latest collection of abayas (Arabic female dresses) by Saudi Princess Safia Hussain, during a fashion show in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, January 23, 2021. (Reuters)

RIYADH - Donning chic neck-to-toe abayas, models saunter in high heels around a swimming pool in a glitter-filled fashion show staged in the unlikeliest of places: Saudi Arabia.

Haute couture displays are rare in the deeply conservative Muslim kingdom and have usually been restricted to women or avoided female models altogether.

But a private event in Riyadh last weekend — which showcased a new collection of abayas, a billowy, figure-concealing robe — opened up to a small but mixed-gender audience at a time when social restrictions are slowly being eased in the country.

Draped in shimmering embellishments, half a dozen models, most of them Saudi or of Saudi origin, displayed the collection that sought to redefine the abaya as a stylish overcoat suitable not just for Muslims but for women everywhere.

“The stigma around the abaya and the hijab around the world — I wanted to change that,” said Saudi Princess Safia Hussein Guerras, a former model who designed the collection in collaboration with Belgian designer Christophe Beaufays.

“If I bring it to a level of chicness and acceptance… maybe our generation will (fully) embrace the abaya.”

While many see the abaya, which has been obligatory public wear for Saudi women for decades, as a symbol of chastity and piety, feminists generally view it as a symbol of oppression.

The dress code was once fanatically enforced in the kingdom by the now-defanged religious police.

— Cultural crossover —

In 2018, de facto ruler Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz — who has spearheaded a sweeping modernisation drive — said during an interview with broadcaster CBS that the robe was not mandatory in Islam, hinting the dress code may be relaxed.

But while it was announced the following year that it was not obligatory for foreigners, Saudi women are still required to wear the garment in public.

Saudi Princess Hana bint Khalid bin Saud Al-Faisal, a model, displays latest collection of abayas (Arabic female dresses) by Saudi Princess Safia Hussain, during a fashion show in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, January 23, 2021. (Reuters)
Saudi Princess Hana bint Khalid bin Saud Al-Faisal, a model, displays latest collection of abayas (Arabic female dresses) by Saudi Princess Safia Hussain, during a fashion show in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, January 23, 2021. (Reuters)

In a brewing cultural rebellion, however, the once all-black garment is now repurposed in bright colours and many women leave their cloaks open at the front.

Despite the risk of riling arch-conservatives, a handful of bold Saudi women have taken the rebellion a step further — they have stopped wearing the abaya.

But Princess Safia, 50, said she hoped to make the garment “fashionable”, a crossover between tradition and modernity that blends Arab motifs and patterns with contemporary fabrics.

The designs would appeal to women from different cultures and religions who share views on “modesty and elegance,” said Beaufays, who is based in the kingdom and works for Jeddah-based Lomar which designs traditional “thobes” for men.

– Liberalisation drive –

The fashion show, unthinkable in the kingdom barely four years ago, was organised at the residence of the Belgian ambassador to Saudi Arabia.

It comes amid Crown Prince Mohammed’s contentious drive to shake off his country’s ultra-conservative image by allowing cinemas, mixed-gender concerts and sporting extravaganzas.

The event toasted the stylish abayas, which Princess Safia says will go on sale in the kingdom.

There was however hardly an abaya in sight in the audience, which was restricted to roughly three dozen people amid the coronavirus pandemic, including Saudi royal family members, diplomats and social media influencers.

Despite the small crowd, the show marked progress compared to previous fashion events.

In April 2018, Jean Paul Gaultier and Roberto Cavalli headlined the kingdom’s first ever Arab Fashion Week — a women-only event that barred not only men but also cameras.

(AFP)